The competition between high and low forms of theatre came to a high point in the Qing Dynasty (1644-1912). Luantan (lit. chaotic playing) referred to the low forms of theatre and was looked down upon by the intellectuals. However, the rhythmic vitality and the dramatic singing style, which certainly reflected its “vulgar” roots, had their own unique charm and energy.
I often reflect on whether my own aesthetic pursuits are too pretentious, and I have much to learn from the Luantan style. Thus in my spare time, I wrote this little clumsy work. It should certainly not be examined in detail because of its laughable quality.